文章摘要
李志强,李巧.灶具包装设计及鼓包问题研究[J].包装工程,2019,40(5):137-143.
LI Zhi-qiang,LI Qiao.Packaging Design and Bulging of Cookers.Packaging Engineering,2019,40(5):137-143.
灶具包装设计及鼓包问题研究
Packaging Design and Bulging of Cookers
投稿时间:2018-09-06  修订日期:2019-03-10
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2019.05.018
中文关键词: 缓冲包装  有限元分析  鼓包
英文关键词: cushioning packaging  finite element analysis  bulging
基金项目:
作者单位
李志强 陕西科技大学西安 710021 
李巧 陕西科技大学西安 710021 
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中文摘要:
      目的 设计一款缓冲包装,以解决在实际物流过程中出现的灶具包装鼓包问题。方法 采用发泡聚苯乙烯(EPS)与天地盖纸箱相结合的方案对灶具包装进行优化设计;在Ansys Workbench有限元软件中建立灶具、缓冲衬垫和瓦楞纸箱的有限元模型,通过有限元软件模拟灶具在运输、堆码过程中受压时纸箱的变形情况,并与试验结果进行对比;分析包装的缓冲效果,验证包装方案对产品鼓包的改善情况。结果 在压板上施加11 kN压力后,旧方案纸箱整体最大变形量为19.78 mm,在z轴方向,纸箱最大变形量为3.79 mm,在x轴方向,纸箱最大变形量为2.57 mm。新方案纸箱整体最大变形量为9.17 mm,z方向最大变形量为0.50 mm,在x轴方向,纸箱最大变形量为0.32 mm,可见改善明显。玻璃面板、承液盘、底盘等易损部件的实际应力均小于许用应力,且新方案各部件的实际应力低于旧方案,与试验结果相符。结论 新包装能够满足灶具在实际流通过程中的缓冲要求,并能有效改善产品鼓包情况。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to design a cushioning package to solve the problem of cooker packaging drum in the actual logistics process. EPS foam and the cover of the heaven and earth were adopted to optimize the design of cooker packaging. The finite element model of the stove, buffer cushion and corrugated box was established in the Ansys Workbench finite element software. The finite element software was used to simulate the deformation of the carton during the transportation and stacking process and compared with the test results. The buffering effect of the package was analyzed to verify the improvement of the package scheme on the product bulging. After 11 kN pressure was applied on the pressing board, the maximum deformation of the old scheme carton was 19.78 mm, 3.79 mm in z axis direction and 2.57 mm in x axis direction. The maximum overall deformation of the new scheme carton was 9.17 mm, 0.50 mm in z direction and 0.32 mm in x direction. The actual stress of the wearing parts such as the glass panel, the liquid receiving tray and the chassis was less than the allowable stress, and the actual stress of each component of the new scheme was lower than the old scheme, which was consistent with the test results. The new packaging can meet the buffer requirements of the cooker in the actual circulation process, and can effectively improve the product drum package.
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