文章摘要
王璟瑶,吴金卓,龙占璐.0201型瓦楞纸箱生命周期不同阶段的环境影响评价[J].包装工程,2019,40(5):96-102.
WANG Jing-yao,WU Jin-zhuo,LONG Zhan-lu.Environmental Impact Assessment on Different Life Cycle Stages of Style 0201 Corrugated Cases.Packaging Engineering,2019,40(5):96-102.
0201型瓦楞纸箱生命周期不同阶段的环境影响评价
Environmental Impact Assessment on Different Life Cycle Stages of Style 0201 Corrugated Cases
投稿时间:2018-10-08  修订日期:2019-03-10
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2019.05.012
中文关键词: 生命周期评价  功能单位  瓦楞纸箱  环境负荷
英文关键词: life cycle assessment  functional unit  corrugated cases  environmental impact
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31400539)
作者单位
王璟瑶 东北林业大学哈尔滨 150040 
吴金卓 东北林业大学哈尔滨 150040 
龙占璐 东北林业大学哈尔滨 150040 
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中文摘要:
      目的 对常用的0201型瓦楞纸箱进行生命周期环境影响评价,并对不同回收处理方案所得的环境负荷进行比较。方法 应用生命周期评价理论和SimaPro 8.5软件,采用Eco-indicator99生态指数分析法对瓦楞纸箱从原料获取、生产、运输、使用到废弃处理整个过程进行环境影响评价。结果 当回收利用率达到70%时,每功能单位的瓦楞纸箱全生命周期产生的环境负荷的单一值为8.91,其中生产阶段所产生的环境负荷最大,约为3.39;运输阶段次之,约为2.89;废弃阶段为2.63。当回收利用率仅达45%时,每功能单位瓦楞纸箱的环境负荷增加至9.33,相较之下环境负荷增长了4.71%。结论 提高瓦楞纸箱的回收利用率将有助于降低对环境的负面影响。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to assess the environmental impact of the life cycle of style 0201 corrugated cases and compare the environmental loads from different disposal solutions. The life cycle assessment theory and SimaPro 8.5 software were used and the Eco-indicator99 ecological index analysis method was applied to evaluate the life cycle processes from raw materials acquisition, production, transportation, use to disposal process. The single environmental impact value per functional unit corrugated cases was 8.91 when the recycling rate reached 70%. The maximum environmental impact was generated during the production phase and was about 3.39, which was followed by that in the transportation phase (2.89) and the disposal phase (2.63). When the recycling rate was only 45%, the environmental impact per functional unit corrugated cases increased to 9.33, increasing by 4.71% compared to the case of 70% recycling rate. Improving the recycling rate can facilitate the decrease of the negative impact of corrugated cases in the life cycle process.
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