文章摘要
王姿怡,义艺,孙锲.快递包装的能耗现状及对策分析[J].包装工程,2019,40(3):143-148.
WANG Zi-yi,YI Yi,SUN Qie.Present Situation and Countermeasures of Energy Consumption of Express Package.Packaging Engineering,2019,40(3):143-148.
快递包装的能耗现状及对策分析
Present Situation and Countermeasures of Energy Consumption of Express Package
投稿时间:2018-09-20  修订日期:2019-02-10
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2019.03.021
中文关键词: 快递包装  能耗  生命周期  法律法规
英文关键词: express package  energy consumption  life cycle  laws and regulations
基金项目:
作者单位
王姿怡 山东大学 热科学与工程研究中心济南 250061 
义艺 山东大学 热科学与工程研究中心济南 250061 
孙锲 山东大学 热科学与工程研究中心济南 250061 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究我国快递包装材料带来的环境污染、资源浪费以及其隐形能耗问题,并结合当前的法律法规体系提出对策。方法 通过数据收集和实地调研,对快递包装材料进行生命周期评价;基于文献综述和市场调研,梳理关于快递包装的现行法律法规政策。结果 2017年3种快递包装材料(瓦楞纸箱、塑料袋和胶带)的全球变暖潜力相当于燃煤发电系统生产1.58×1010 kW?h电力的排放量,占2017年全国总发电量的0.24%,相当于当年生物质发电量的20%。全球变暖潜力再加上快递包装材料生命周期中的能源消耗,占2017年全国总发电量的1.12%,相当于生物质发电量的92%。在快递包装材料的生命周期中,生产和使用阶段消耗了接近79%的能量。结论 根据当前快递包装产业的法律法规体系研究,我国快递包装产业管理系统尚不完善,基于生命周期评价的数据分析,快递包装材料的能耗和环境污染问题急需得到重视。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the environmental pollution, resource waste and indirect energy consumption in China caused by express packaging materials, and put forward countermeasures combined with current law and regulation system. A life cycle assessment of express packaging materials was conducted according to the data collection and field research, and the current laws, regulations and policies were teased out based on the literature review and market research. In 2017, the global warming potential of the three express packaging materials (corrugated box, plastic bag and tape) was equivalent to the amount of greenhouse gases from generating 1.58×1010 kW?h electricity by coal-fired power plants. The amount accounted for approximately 0.24% of China's total electricity generation in 2017, or 20% of the electricity by biomass. The global warming potential, together with the energy consumption in the life cycles of the express packaging materials, accounted for 1.12% of China's total electricity generation in 2017, equivalent to 92% of biomass-based electricity generation. In their life cycles, the production and use phases consumed nearly 79% energy. According to the current research on the law and regulation system of express packaging industry, the management system of express packaging industry in China is incomplete. Based on the data analysis of life cycle assessment, the energy consumption and environmental pollution problems of express packaging materials need urgent attention.
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