文章摘要
高红波,孙峰.汽车零部件包装用PP/SBN复合材料的性能研究[J].包装工程,2018,39(21):80-85.
GAO Hong-bo,SUN Feng.Properties of PP/SBN Composites for Automobile Parts Packaging.Packaging Engineering,2018,39(21):80-85.
汽车零部件包装用PP/SBN复合材料的性能研究
Properties of PP/SBN Composites for Automobile Parts Packaging
投稿时间:2018-03-06  修订日期:2018-11-10
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2018.21.015
中文关键词: 聚丙烯  单层氮化硼  摩擦性能  汽车零部件
英文关键词: polypropylene  single-layer boron nitride  friction properties  automobile parts
基金项目:河南省高等学校重点科研项目(18B460010)
作者单位
高红波 洛阳职业技术学院洛阳 471000 
孙峰 洛阳职业技术学院洛阳 471000 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究单层氮化硼(Single-layer Boron Nitride, SBN)对聚丙烯(Polypropylene, PP)力学性能和摩擦性能的影响。方法 首先利用超声剥离和硅烷偶联剂KH550表面改性方法制得SBN,用高速混合机将PP、马来酸酐接枝聚丙烯(PP-g-MAH)和SBN混合均匀;然后利用注塑机通过熔融共混,制备PP/SBN复合材料。结果 当SBN质量分数低于1.6%时,PP/SBN的表面硬度和耐磨性能得到了进一步改善;当SBN质量分数高于1.6%时,PP/SBN的力学强度和摩擦性能降低;当SBN质量分数为1.6%时,PP/SBN的拉伸强度和冲击强度分别达到最大值(35.27 MPa, 34.69 kJ/m2),较纯PP分别提高了10.7%, 18.8%。此时,PP/SBN的摩擦因数和磨损率较纯PP分别降低了15.1%, 32.4%。结论 当SBN质量分数为1.6%时,对PP具有增强增韧作用,复合材料的力学性能和耐磨性能都得到明显提高。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the effect of single-layer boron nitride (SBN) on the mechanical and friction properties of polypropylene (PP). Firstly, the SBN was prepared by ultrasonic exfoliation and surface modification method with silane coupling agent KH550. The PP, maleic anhydride grafted PP (PP-g-MAH) and SBN were uniformly mixed by a high-speed mixer. Then, an injection-molding machine was used to melt and blend the mixture to prepare PP/SBN composites. The surface hardness and wear resistance of PP/SBN were further improved when the mass fraction of SBN was lower than 1.6%. The mechanical strength and friction performance of PP/SBN were reduced when the mass fraction of SBN was higher than 1.6%. The tensile strength and impact strength of PP/SBN reached their maximum (35.27 MPa, 34.69 kJ/m2) when the mass fraction of SBN was 1.6%, respectively increased by 10.7% and 18.8% compared with pure PP. At this time, the friction coefficient and wear rate of PP/SBN respectively decreased by 15.1% and 32.4% compared with pure PP. The SBN (mass fraction of 1.6%) has enhanced and toughened effect on PP, and the mechanical properties and wear resistance of composites have been improved obviously.
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